The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is located at the heart of Europe. It is a multilingual and multicultural country offering plenty of cultural activities and where the everyday life is full of opportunities, socially, politically and professionally speaking. 

Before coming and discovering Luxembourg in the context of Phytofactories 2023, the organisation team invites you to take a closer look at "Where to go in Luxembourg" and "Why should you visit Luxembourg?" in this section. 

Luxembourg, where to go?

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg leaves no one indifferent, for it has its own place in the concert of nations: a pioneer of economic alliances and partnerships, a modest and persevering mediator, and a nation where everyone feels at home. Luxembourg city, where to go? 

  • Enjoy a city promenade and discover the most important historic sites like the fortifications
  • Enjoy the city panoramic view from the corniche
  • Visit the GrandDucal palace, the Cercle Cité, the Gëlle Fra memorial, the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin and the Bock promontory.
  • Down to the old town, discover the Grund charming area, the Neumünster abbey and St John’s church.
  • The European quarter known for its futuristic and modern architecture, the Kirchberg district is another must see while you are in Luxembourg city. There you can also discover the Philharmonie concert hall and the Mudam (Museum of Modern Art).

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Known as the Little Switzerland of Luxembourg, Mullerthal - or Mëllerdall in Luxembourgish – is definitely a place to visit and walk through. Capital of the Mullerthal region, Echternach is the oldest town in Luxembourg.

What are the main places to visit in the Mullerthal ?

  • Echternach city and the Museum of its Abbey
  • Berdorf city located on a vast tableland overlooking the valleys of the Black Ernz, the Sure and the Aesbach. The Aquatower Berdorf is nice to visit
  • Mill « Heringer Millen » Test center « Best of Wandern »
  • Mullerthal touring – Mullerthal trail and culinary discoveries

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The Land of the Red Rocks is a region of Luxembourg located in the south of the country. The former mining area, also referred to as Terres Rouges, has established a new identity through combining ancient and new technologies. Where to go to experience the land of the red rocks ?

  • The main cities to visit is this area are Eschsur-Alzette, Differdange, Dudelange and Rumelange.
  • Steel plants and Fondde-Gras : a great place to
  • Belval Innovation Campus gathering the University of Luxembourg, research centres like LIST, Rockhal event concert hall, commercial centres, etc.
  • Red land and mountainbike trails on the Red Rock mountain

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With their majestic landscapes that alternate between scenic highlands and winding valleys, the Éislek region (Luxembourg Ardennes) located in the North of Luxembourg offers an exceptional natural experience. Visitors can enjoy number of cycling and hiking trails through the forests and picturesque villages. Where to go? 

  • The cities to visit: Bourscheid, Vianden, Wiltz, Clervaux, Lellingen, Troisvierges, Ettelbruck, Esch-sur-Sûre, Hosingen. 
  • Discover the medieval past of the country: castles of Vianden, Bourscheid or Esch-sur-Sûre 
  • Natural parks of the Ardennes: you will find the two largest reserves in the country, the Naturpark Our and the Naturpark Öewersauer
  • Active holidays and sports: hiking, walking, biking as well as watersport.

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Just outside the city of Luxembourg, the visitors will find an enchanting setting of charming villages with old farm houses, imposing castles and beautiful natural landscapes. In the Guttland region, the accent is placed on "Slow Tourism". Where to go in the Gutland ?

  • The valley of the seven castles which extends which extends over 24 kilometers and includes the castles of Mersch, Schoenfels, Koerich, Hollenfels and Septfontaines as well as the two castles sof Ansembourg. Also to be seen, the ruins of Pettingsen and the castle of Useldange
  • Vitarium: the visitor center of the dairy factory Luxlait
  • The mill in Beckerich: uided tours on renewable energies and sustainable development are organised
  • Discover the various traditional festivities to become familiar with the regional customs: “Emaischen” in Nospelt, Péckvillercher" (ceramic bird's whistles), etc.

All information available at

Why should you visit Luxembourg?

Despite being one of the smallest members of the European Union, Luxembourg is nevertheless the birthplace of the concept of a unified Europe. Together with Brussels and Strasbourg, Luxembourg City is the official headquarters of many of the European Union’s major institutions.

Alongside Brussels and Strasbourg, Luxembourg is one of the three “capitals” of the European Union. The capital is home to several European services and institutions, including services of the European Commission (translation, publication, statistics), the European Court of Auditors, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Investment Fund, the Secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM).

About the history, the city of Luxembourg, the thousand-year-old capital of the Grand Duchy, was founded in 963. Luxembourg measures a maximum of 82 km from north to south and 57 km from east to west. Over the course of its history, Luxembourg has been occupied by Burgundians, Spaniards, French, Austrians and Prussians, all of whom contributed to making it one of the best-fortified cities in the world, the “Gibraltar of the North”. Today, the fortress, along with the Old Town, have gained international recognition.

Did you know that....?

… three elements of Luxembourg‘s heritage are officially recognised by Unesco?

The fortifications and old quarters of the City of Luxembourg have been registered on the Unesco World Heritage List since 1994; the photography exhibition ‘The Family of Man’ by Edward Steichen was added to the Unesco Memory of the World Register in 2003 and the Echternach hopping procession was registered on the Unesco Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2010.

… 23 km of passages that date back to the times of the fortress and are known as ‘Kasematten’ run beneath Luxembourg City?

Indeed, the casemates of the Bock Casemates and those of the Petrusse Valley form an extraordinary network of 23 km of underground galleries and more than 40,000 m2 housed in the rocks of the city. The Casemates of the Bock, which counted about fifty guns, were dug by the Austrians in 1745/46. During the two world wars, they served as a shelter to protect up to 35,000 people in case of alarm or bombing.

… Luxembourger Pierre Werner is considered the ‘forefather of the euro’?

During his time as Prime Minister, Pierre Werner (1913-2002) was appointed to head a European group of experts and in 1970 presented the European Commission with a monetary integration project known as the ‘Werner Plan’, which can be considered the beginning of the euro.

… Robert Schuman, one of the founding fathers of Europe, was born in Luxembourg City?

Robert Schuman was born in Clausen, a suburb of Luxembourg City, to a Lorraine father of German nationality and a mother from Luxembourg. His mother tongue was therefore Luxembourgish. It is often mentioned that Robert Schuman’s personality was influenced by his origins. The combination of these Luxembourgish, German and French influences doubtlessly prompted him to launch a plan that was to result in the creation of the first European Community.

Luxembourg has a total population of 645,397 inhabitants (01/01/2022) with more than 170 nationalities represented. Luxembourg's 5 largest foreign communities in Luxembourg are: Portuguese (14.8%), French (7.60%), Italians (3.7%), Belgians (3%), Germans (2%).

The most important values of the Luxembourg people are family, work, friends and leisure. This was revealed in the European Values Study (EVS), which aims to identify and explain the dynamics of changing values in 45 European countries.

The linguistic situation in Luxembourg is characterised by the use and legal recognition of three languages: Luxembourgish, French and German. The importance of the linguistic coexistence of these languages is an integral part of the national identity.

  • National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), a Moselle Franconian dialect (became the national language following the law of 24 February 1984 on language regime), part of the family of Germanic languages
  • Administrative languages: French, German and Luxembourgish
  • Legislative language: French.

In work life, given that the majority of the working population is foreign (71%), French is the main language of communication, followed by Luxembourgish, German, English and Portuguese.

Luxembourg enjoys a temperate climate. Average annual temperatures range from -2.6°C (average minimum value) to 21.6°C (average maximum value) (1981-2010 figures). June, July and August are the hottest months, July and August the sunniest. In summer, temperatures range from 12°C to 35°C. In winter, temperatures fluctuate between -10°C and 15°C. In September and October, Luxembourg often experiences its own Indian summer.

Capital of a small country, Luxembourg City is nevertheless a lively and bustling town. A real cultural platform, it abounds in venues for artistic expression, such as museums, theatres and concert halls. The centre of the country is also home to all the different nationalities that have chosen to live in a city at the heart of action. The cultural programme that makes up Luxembourg is made in the image of its city dwellers: multilingual, multicultural, creative and eclectic.

The centre of the country is also home to all the different nationalities that have chosen to live in a city at the heart of action. The cultural programme that makes up Luxembourg is made in the image of its city dwellers: multilingual, multicultural, creative and eclectic.

Nowhere else in Europe will you find such a discrete and dynamic mixture of ancient fortresses and contemporary architecture. Moreover, the Old City of Luxembourg has long been part of the UNESCO World Heritage. High-tech buildings run alongside historic monuments reflecting a rich tapestry of urban experience. In short: Luxembourg is a modern city with deep roots.

Did you know that …?

… three researchers of Luxembourg origin have won a Noble Prize?

Gabriel Lippmann, born in Luxembourg in 1845, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1908. Paul Lauterbur, an American of Luxembourg origin born in 1929, won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2003. And Jules Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg in 1941, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2011. This means Luxembourg has the highest number of Nobel Prize recipients in the world on a per-capita basis!

… four Luxembourgers have won the Tour de France?

François Faber won the Tour de France in 1909, Nicolas Frantz won in 1927 and 1928, Charly Gaul – dubbed the ‘Angel of the mountain’ – won in 1958 and Andy Schleck won in 2010.

… the only woman in the world to have won a Bocuse d’or is from Luxembourg?

Léa Linster, owner of the eponymous Michelin-starred restaurant, is the first and, to this date, only woman to have won this prestigious award.

…. the father of science fiction was from Luxembourg?

Hugo Gernsback was a scientist born in Luxembourg on 16 August 1884. Among other things, he invented the dry cell battery, the wireless radio, the synthesiser, the transistor without aerial and the lie detector. Over the course of his life, he filed more than 80 patents. His real passion, however, was writing science fiction novels. Incidentally, he was the one to invent the term ‘science fiction’, which was quickly adopted the world over.

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